A vasectomy (male sterilisation) is a simple procedure which is a permanent pregnancy prevention solution for men.
Vasectomy involves closing the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles. The tubes normally deliver sperm into and from a penis when ejaculation occurs. Typically, a small opening is made in the scrotum, the tubes are identified and then cut or sealed. Closing the tubes means that the sperm is not able to reach an egg to fertilise it.
Vasectomy will not affect your sex drive or ability to have an orgasm.
How good is a vasectomy at preventing a pregnancy?
- Vasectomy works very well at preventing pregnancy
- Less than 1 partners of people who have had a vasectomy will become pregnant
What are the advantages of a vasectomy?
- It is permanent, so you do not need to remember to use contraception again.
- It does not interrupt sex or affect your sex life.
- Complications associated with vasectomy are very rare
- Vasectomy is not associated with any known health risks
- Vasectomy is a simpler and safer procedure than female sterilisation (tubal ligation)
What are the disadvantages of a vasectomy?
- A vasectomy is not effective immediately. Another contraceptive must be used for the first three months after a vasectomy.
- You have to have a surgical procedure
- As it is permanent, you should only choose vasectomy if you do not want any more children. You cannot change your mind once the operation is done.
- Temporary post-procedure effects can include some bruising and local swelling for a few days
- Condoms are the only contraceptive method which protect against sexually transmitted infections. To ensure protection from both pregnancy and infection, we recommend "dual protection". This means using a male or female condom in addition to the contraceptive method of your choice to prevent pregnancy
What are the possible risks for this method?
Rare complications include:
- Testicular or scrotal pain which can last for months or years
- Bleeding under the skin